The Department of Aqīdah and Philosophy operates under the Faculty of Usuluddin among five other departments which were established in 1985. The Department has started its academic journey by offering graduate and post graduate programs which eventually culminated in launching the doctoral program. The scope and worth of this discipline lies in its aim to unleash the potential of aspiring religious scholars through having an intellectually mature and constructive engagement with Islamic theology-related contemporary issues and methodologies of study. The purpose of such engagement is to enable the scholars to come up with thoughtful and realistic solutions to the problems faced both in the Muslim and the non-Muslim world. This discipline combines the knowledge of the infallible Revelation and the intellectual heritage of human thought which is flexible enough to welcome various trends of thought. The curricula taught at the Department focus on the thematic study of the pillars of faith and related issues in reference to the discourses of Quran and Sunnah. Moreover, Islamic sects as well as various contemporary trends are also studied at the Department from an analytical, critical and comparative perspectives.
Ilm al-Kalām is another branch of the discipline that encompasses the main Islamic theological issues such as Ilāhiyāt (Rational Theology), Nubuwwāt (Prophecy) and Sam’iyyāt (Traditional Theology) as well as many other issues impinging upon the lives of human beings such as good and evil, freedom of human will, reward and punishment in the next life. Undoubtedly, Islamic philosophy, with its various areas of study, has embodied the genius of Muslim intellectual thought and endeavor throughout history. Its strength lies in the richness and expanse of its sub-disciplines which vary from peripatetic philosophy to rhetoric and research methodology. Since philosophy cannot be studied in isolation from logic, the Department gives special attention to the study of various logical issues as well. Last but not least, Mysticism, preferably known as Islamic Sufism, is one of the major subjects taught at the Department with a couple of courses given to BS, MS and PhD students.